Kemari – medieval hacky sack?

While watching a FIFA World Cup game, I wondered when football (soccer) became popular in Japan. Before looking into the answer, hubby pointed out that Japan has a very old game called kemari (蹴鞠) that involves kicking a ball around. The game looks quite similar to hacky sack to me: the players stand in a circle and try to keep the ball in the air by kicking it.

Kemari originated in the 7th century (Asuka period) and was particularly popular among nobility in the Heian period (794 to 1185). It’s still played, complete with period apparel, at Shinto shrines, as seen in the video below (from Shimogamo Shrine 下鴨神社 in Kyoto).

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Flooding in western Japan

Every sort of natural disaster can be found in Japan, and unfortunately terrible flooding is at the forefront of everyone’s worries.

Flooding in Hiroshima

The rainy season usually means a very wet June, but this year, the season was very short and non-rainy. Ironically, not long after it was declared that the rainy season was over, storms have led to severe flooding in several areas of western Japan, including Hiroshima, Ehime, Osaka, Shiga, Hyogo, Okayama, Yamaguchi and Fukuoka prefectures.

Because Japan is very hilly, landslides are always a danger, and they’ve been the cause of some of the reported deaths (at the time of writing, 62 people have been killed and there are over 100 missing).

Various terrifying pictures can be seen in this Japan Times article, also a source of other coverage in English.

Flooding is severe in some parts of the purple, pink, and orange regions

Origins of hiragana

Just a quick share.

Japanese writing consists of two phonetic systems (hiragana and katakana), as well as Chinese characters (kanji). The phonetic systems were actually developed as simplifications of Chinese characters. This cool video shows how the many-stroke kanji were transformed into simple hiragana.

For reference, here are all the hiragana characters.

Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license. Original creator : Karine Widmar https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Table_hiragana.jpg

Food in Kyoto and Nara

Here’s a little gallery of some of the tasty food we spotted and/or enjoyed on a trip to Kyoto and Nara in March.

The beginnings of a smoking ban

As I’ve mentioned before, one of the worst things about Japan is that smoking is allowed in restaurants (among other places). However, local campaigns and, more significantly, worldwide peer pressure with regard to the 2020 Olympics have put into motion some minor progress.

First, national legislation has been proposed that bans smoking in some types of restaurants, but unfortunately there are numerous exemptions. It’s better than nothing, though.

In addition, better rules have just been approved for Tokyo, which are expected to ban smoking in 80% of restaurants. There are still exceptions, but mostly for very small establishments. The rules are for Tokyo only and implementation isn’t required until 2020, but again, it’s a really positive step, and hopefully the trend toward non-stinky-toxic eateries will expand to other areas as well.

More details are in this Japan Times article.

 

Horyuji Temple in Nara

A few months back, hubby and I went on a short trip westward on the pretext of him presenting at a conference in Kyoto. We stayed in that city for two nights, and then we headed to Nara for a few more days of fun. Kyoto is a spectacular jewel of Japanese culture and history, but it is also overrun with tourists. Nara has a much quieter vibe with several major historical sites (and more Japanese tourists compared with foreign).

Nara city, in Nara prefecture, was the imperial capital of Japan from 710 to 794 (that is, the Nara Period). Prior to that, from 538 to 710, the capital was Asuka, also in Nara prefecture. So, there is a lot of really old stuff in the area.

If you’re planning a trip to Nara city, you definitely shouldn’t miss the top attractions: Tōdai-ji temple (including the Great Buddha), Kasuga Shrine, Kōfuku-ji temple + museum, and the Nara National Museum. If you visit any of these, you will also encounter the iconic deer of Nara roaming freely and happy to relieve you of senbei (rice crackers) that you can purchase to feed them.

Deer at Todai-ji

I could write lots more about Nara  (and intend to…eventually…) but for now, I want to point out the wonderful Hōryū-ji (法隆寺), a temple located in a town called Ikaruga. From Nara city, it takes about 20 minutes by train and another 20 minutes or so to walk to the temple complex.

The Ikaruga town mascot

Hōryū-ji was one of the first places in Japan made a UNESCO world heritage site. One big draw is the 5-story pagoda, which is the oldest known surviving wooden building in the world, built in 607.

The 32 meter high pagoda in Hōryū-ji

The temple features several other magnificent buildings from the Nara period and beyond, including the Gallery of Temple Treasures—a hall that displays sculptures and other Buddhist artwork, several of which are national treasures. As at many other sites in Nara, I was interested to see the evolution of Buddhist art from the original introduction of the religion in Japan in the Nara period, where it was distinctly Indian and later Chinese in its aesthetic, to the gradual “Japanization” of the figures depicted in sculpture and paintings.

Aside from the awe-inspiring historical structures and art, I was really struck by a smaller round building on a hill at the edge of the grounds. Called Saiendo, it houses a Yakushi Nyorai or healing Buddha. The building is accessible to anyone without paying the main temple entrance fee, and during our visit we saw several people who appeared to just live in the community make their way up the steep steps to pray and receive a healing blessing from the temple. It’s remarkable that a place that’s so old is still a part of many people’s everyday spiritual practice.

More photos from the Hōryū-ji complex:

One last site to mention near Hōryū-ji is the Fujinoki Kofun (that is, tumulus or tomb) (藤ノ木古墳). It’s a burial mound that is believed to be from the late 6th century and was apparently untouched until an archaeological excavation in 1985. I’m still baffled as to why the tomb wasn’t looted at some point in the last 1,400 years, but it’s speculated that the site was under the protection of the Buddhist authorities at Hōryū-ji, so no one was brave enough to touch it.

At any rate, the tomb’s excavation revealed amazing and unique artefacts of the era. It seems that two wealthy and powerful young men were buried there, along with ceremonial martial gear including swords and war horse ornaments, decorative clothing, jewelry, etc. Many of the items seem to have come from Korea or were somehow created in a Korean style, prompting lots of speculation about trade and travels in East Asia during that time.

You can peek into the burial itself and then learn more about the excavated artefacts at a little museum nearby. Read more on the official website (or by googling, of course).

Fujinoki Tomb

Hōryū-ji and its town are a little off the beaten path for many visitors to Japan, but totally worth the trip.

Crow warning

Spotted in a park. My translation:

Crows*: warning!

Caw … don’t approach!

In order to protect their chicks and nests, crows will act threatening.

These are effective ways to protect yourself: umbrella, hat, bag

Warning!

I certainly don’t need to be told twice. The crows around here are pretty large and those sharply curved beaks are menacing indeed.

*I’m not sure of the difference between crows and ravens, and the word in Japanese seems to be the same for both.

Expensive melon time

Fruit is expensive in Japan year-round, but amazingly pricey melon season has begun!

In the photo, the most expensive watermelon and cantaloupe are 1980 yen, which according to today’s exchange rate, is 23.60 AUD / 23.37 CAD / 17.96 USD.

“Cheap” fruit at the moment mostly seems to be oranges at 158 yen each (that is, for one single orange).

Melon display at the grocery store

How many gun-related deaths are there in Japan? Spoiler: not many

I came across an article that reports Japan’s gun-crime stats for 2017. According to the 警察庁 (National Police Agency), there were 3 people killed and 5 people injured in gun-related crimes in Japan in 2017. Yes, that’s for the entire year. Note that the figures exclude suicides and accidents.

Japan’s population is 127 million people.

The article also compares statistics from the US in the same year: 15,612 gun-related deaths, or 42 people per day. In Japan, meanwhile, 44 people were killed by guns over the past 8 years.

Mount Aso

Sign at the Mount Aso volcano museum

In October, I visited the island of Kyushu for the first time on a family trip. Specifically, we went to Kumamoto City in Kumamoto prefecture. I’ll write about the city another time, but here, I like to write about our day trip to Mount Aso.


Mount Aso is a volcano with 5 peaks and is famous for, according to a tourist website, its “ancient caldera [which] ranks among the world’s largest, with a diameter of up to 25 kilometers and a circumference of over 100 kilometers.” At the Aso volcano museum, I learned that a caldera is land that gets pushed down like a sinkhole when a volcano erupts, forming a sort of bowl shape in the landscape, with the volcano in the middle.

As you might recall, Kumamoto suffered multiple large earthquakes in April 2016. The recovery is ongoing, and several of the train and bus lines are still disrupted. To get to the mountains, we took a bus ride of 90ish minutes from Kumamoto City to Aso City station, and from there, a special mountain bus for another 30 minutes to the Mount Aso visitor centre and museum. The ropeway line that allows you to see the main active volcano crater was closed after an eruption in October 2016. It reopened in March 2018 (well after our trip), but of course it is occasionally closed for safety reasons depending on volcanic activity.

Although we couldn’t see the smoke-spewing crater up-close, we had a fantastic hike up one of the peaks. Rather than the type of switchback trails that I’m more used to, we climbed stairs pretty much straight up the side of the peak. From the top, we had an excellent view of the caldera, the other peaks, and the active crater.

Overall, it’s a very beautiful area, and much less-visited (that is to say, not overrun with tourists) than the main hotpots of Tokyo and Kyoto. Kumamoto City is a two-hour flight or six-hour (comfy!) Shinkansen ride from the Tokyo area, and is absolutely worth a visit. The area is still suffering from the earthquakes and resultant loss of income, so visitors are most welcome.